Explore The World of Breeding
As usual, first check the word of the law on Breeding Rabbits
Rabbits are extremely social creatures, in nature they always live in groups. They spend most of the day and night sleeping. They are most active in the evening, so they should be allowed to move freely, especially if they are locked in a cage for most of the day. Rabbits are used for the production of meat, fur, wool, manure, and are also bred for laboratory purposes.
The maturity of rabbits depends on the breed. The moderately heavy female breed is mature from 4.5 to 5 months of age, while the males are mature from 5 to 6 months of age. The female rabbit does not have a regulated estrous cycle like a cow, sheep or sow. The female accepts the male only in estrus. One male for every 20 females. Females remain pregnant mostly during the spring, while the percentage decreases towards autumn and winter, due to reduced daylight. Rabbits are characterized by the appearance of a false pregnancy. Pregnancy lasts 29 to 31 days.
Cage breeding characteristic of rabbit breeding from 5 to 20 females. Production takes place on agricultural farms, so meat produced in this way is mostly used in the household. The breeding technology is simple, so the rabbits are fed only slightly with industrial food.
Immediately before braking, the amount of progesterone decreases, and the amount of estrogen and oxytocin increases. Females give birth at short intervals and help themselves if the fetus lags behind in the birth canal, which can lead to self-injury. Severe stress can stop the expulsion of the fetus, so through the open cervix, the penetration of microorganisms can occur and the resulting infection.
The young are born with a weight of 30-40 g, they are blind and without hair. The cubs do not have a developed system of thermoregulation and therefore need to be warmed. Hair growth begins a few days after braking. In 10 days, the young see, and in 15 days, the hair growth is completed and the young begin to emerge from the nest. It is important to put enough litter for the quality development of the cubs.
During the first weeks, the losses are the largest, mostly due to:
– poor maternal traits of the female,
– litter neglect
– illness or death of the mother
– poorly maintained or underpopulated nest,
– infections and hypothermia of pups,
– poor hygiene and discomfort the smell of the nest because it is not cleaned,
– insufficient milk yield.
Young are traditionally weaned at 8, 10 or 12 weeks of age. In intensive production conditions, the young are weaned at 4-8 weeks of age. It is advisable to prepare the cubs for weaning by offering them ready-made food. This will encourage their digestive tract to adapt to the new nutritional conditions.
SANITARY MEASURES IN THE RABBIT BREEDING FACILITY
In order to achieve adequate sanitary condition, measures are applied in the rabbit breeding facility:
– cleaning, washing, and disinfection of all nests and cages at the time of emptying, permanent rodent control inside and outside the building,
– occasional destruction of flies, flies, mosquitoes; insects sting animals, exhaust and transmit diseases
– primarily rabbit myxomatosis (Myxomatosis cuniculi, infectious myxomatosis);
– regular disinsection of housing is done 1-2 times a week,
– cleaning and disinfection of empty cages, quality disposal of other pollutants; dust, microorganisms and other air pollutants depend on the number, season, air quality, quality of ventilation, cleanliness…
Hygiene is the best defense against subclinical infections. As subclinical infections are one of the most common reasons for underutilization of food, poor growth, poor productivity, high mortality, etc., investing in hygiene is certainly a condition for quality production.
Also, chack this site about Food Preservation Methods and Guidance